Chitwan National Park is the first national park in Nepal. It was established in 1973 and granted the status of a World Heritage site in 1984. It covers an area of 932 km2 (360 sq mi) and is located in the subtropical Terai Lowland of south-central Nepal in the district of Makwanpur, Chitwan, Nawalparisi And Parsa. In altitude it ranges from about 100 m (330 ft) in the River valleys to 815 m (2,674 ft) in the Churia Hill. In the north and west of the protected area the Narayni - Rapati river system forms a natural boundary to human settlements. Neighboring in the south is the Indian Tiger Reserve Valmiki National Park. The coherent protected area of 2,075 km2 (801 sq mi) represents the Tiger Conservation Unit (TCU) Chitwan-Parsa-Valmiki, which covers a 3,549 km2 (1,370 sq mi) huge block of alluvial grasslands and subtropical moist deciduous forest.
Since the end of the 19th century Chitwan – Heart of the Jungle – used to be a favorite hunting ground for Nepal’s ruling class during the cool winter seasons. In 1950, Chitwan’s forest and grasslands extended over more than 2,600 km2 (1,000 sq mi) and was home to about 800One Horn Rhinos. When Farmers from the mid-hills moved to the Chitwan in search of arable land, the area was subsequently opened for settlement, and poaching of Wildlife became uncontrolled. By the end of the 1960, 70% of Chitwan’s jungles had been cleared. The dramatic decline of the One Horn Rhinos population and the extent of poaching prompted the government to establishment the network of guard posts all over Chitwan. To prevent the extinction of rhinos the Chitwan National Park was gazette in December 1970, with borders delineated the following year and established in 1973, initially encompassing an area of 544 km2 (210 sq mi). In 1977, the park was enlarged to its present area of 932 km2 (360 sq mi). In 1997, a buffer zone of 766.1 km2 (295.8 sq mi) was added to the north and west of the Narayani-Rapti river system, and between the south-eastern boundary of the park and the international border to India.
Chitwan has a tropical monsoon climate with high humidity all through the year. The area is located in the central climatic zone of the Himalaya where monsoon starts in mid June and eases off in late September. During these 14–15 weeks most of the 2,500 mm yearly precipitation falls – it is pouring with rain. After mid-October the monsoon clouds have retreated, humidity drops off, and the top daily temperature gradually subsides from ±36 °C / 96.8 °F to ±18 °C / 64.5 °F. Nights cool down to 5 °C / 41.0 °F until late December, when it usually rains softly for a few days. Then temperatures start rising gradually.
• Briefing about our resort & its facilities.
• Village tour on Ox Cart
• Wake up
• Elephant Back Safari
• Canoe ride
• Visit the Elephant breeding center
• Tharu cultural program in Chitwan
• Wake up
• Tea & coffee
• Bird watching
• Proceed to the onward destination.